Importance of S.U.P.W in School (Social Useful Productive Work)



Importance of S.U.P.W in School (Social Useful Productive Work)

It has been realized widely at present that so called curriculum activities can develop only the mental and intellectual aspects of the learner. It cannot help to make all round development of the body, mind and soul, which is considered as a major aim of education. Only the cognitive aspect of experience makes one-sided development of the learner. The cognitive and effective aspect of experience may be developed through activities and programmes outside the classroom.

Moreover, the present system of education has often been accused of being impractical and theoretical which keeps the students away from the realities of life. A big gap has been created between the knowledge of schools and practical experiences of the outside world. Such a system of education makes one-sided development of personality of students, which should be removed through introduction of work experience as a separate subject n school curriculum.

Accordingly, keeping in view of its urgent need in our education system Kothari Education Commission of 1964-66 had introduced work experience as a compulsory subject of study in the new 10+2 pattern of education with the following major objectives

1. To develop the sense of dignity of labour in the students.
2. To develop proper attitude of the students towards education.
3. To remove social status and consequences of class distinction.
4. To emphasis upon the principle of productivity.
5. To discover aptitude of the students for their profitable vocation.


Though work experience was introduced in the new 10+2 pattern of education, its application cannot be said quite encouraging. It was observed that Work Experience as a subject was not properly linked up with other subject in school nor was it effectively correlated to the personal and social needs of the student. As a consequence, there was artificiality of treatment on the part of the learner as well as the teacher.

Due to its failure in achievement of its desired objectives the Govt. of India had set up an education committee in 1977 to be known as Ishwar Bhai Patel Committee to look after the matter. The committee had demarcated distinct curricular areas as ‘S.U.P.W’. or “Social Useful Productive Work” for 10 – year school education. The committee had described ‘S.U.P.W.’ with the following words.

"Productive work that is socially useful" can be described as purposeful, meaningful manual work that results in products or services that are useful to the community

Purposive Productive work related to the needs of the child and the community will prove meaningful to the learners. 



The main objective and implication of this new terminology of SUPW was to –

1. To prepare the pupils to practice and perform manual work individually and collectively.

2. To acquaint children with the service to the community and to develop in them a sense of respect for manual work.

3. To develop a desire to be useful member of society and contribute their best for the common good.

4. To develop attitude of team work and socially desirable qualities like self-reliance, dignity of labour, tolerance, cooperation, sympathy and helpfulness.

5. Training pupils to participate increasingly in the productive work as they go from one stage to another stage of education.

6. To enable the students to earn while they learn.


At the end, it may be said that maintenance of democracy in a country and bringing about national development are vitally linked up with economic development. Gandhiji’s Basic Education System was the first to give stress in this regard. To this end in view craft was made that centre of education in this system. After Independence, Kothari Commission had also given importance on it. Accordingly, a major aim of a democratic country is to train the students in increasing productivity through proper education. Students should be trained to appreciate the dignity of word. A work culture or work attitude should be developed on them through promoting vocational education. Towards this end in view ‘SUPW” as a compulsory subject in the secondary school curriculum should be taken as a welcome step.


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