Women Empowerment An Analysis on their Challenges

Women Empowerment An Analysis on Challenges and Suggestion

Introduction on Women Empowerment 

Women in India, in the pre-Vedic period got a high status in the society. They identified with the nature and hence with productive power, her ability to give birth received recognition and patriarchy received recognition. Her word carried weight in society and family. During the Vedic period women enjoyed equal status with the men. They equally participated in the activities of the society. Today women in India is inferior to men, ill honored, they are defined to domestic duties, they are witnessing various types of harassment, sexually assaulted etc. it is the result of the distorted values and attitudes of the society towards women.

Indian has shown disproportionate sex ratio whereby female population is lower than men. Despite of this fact women’s in India has been playing a vital role in the socio economic, cultural and political development of the country. But life for most of the women in India is tough and vulnerable. According to UN report on human development, female children in India gets less education, less foods, less health care, less professional training and less pay even they work for longer hours that men. There is discrimination against women in all spheres of life.

Concept of women Improvement:

The concept of empowerment is gaining momentum in the present day. Empowerment is a multidimensional process. Empowerment literally means “to enable”. It refers to the ability and control over the existing resources that includes material, human and intellectual aspects. Empowerment is the process of increasing spiritual, social, economic or political strength of individuals. In the sense women empowerment can be defined as the process to increase the strength of women. Objectives of women empowerment are to create large scale awareness among the women to make them enable to participate in the activities of the society. It is the efforts to provide decision making power to women, to make them enable to access to information and resources from taking proper decision and to increase their positive self image. Women empowerment intends to create the ability among the women to exercise assertiveness in collective decision making, ability to learn skills to improve their power and to increase their participation in the growth progression and changes that is never ending and self initiated.

Generally women empowerment takes place in three levels:

Women empowerment at personal level – it means developing a sense of self confidence and capacity and undoing the effects of internalized oppression. Women empowerment at relative level – it means developing the ability to negotiate and influence the nature of a relationship and decision made within it. Women empowerment at collective level it means coming together for collective action to achieve better results for a wider group of people.

Challenges of women empowerment in India:

  1. Inadequate education facilities
  2. Child marriage
  3. Poor women health
  4. Illiteracy
  5. Child labour
  6. Violence against women


Here are some suggestions for the removal of the challenges women empowerment in India are as follows: 

Women should be provided at least the minimum required educational facilities. Equal educational facilities should be provided to girl child with the boys by the parents. Government and the civil society should take initiative measures to increase the enrollment of girl child in educational institutions. Policies of compulsory education especially for the girls should be formulated and implemented and the educational facilities should be affordable to the all classes of the society.

Social evil like dowry, child marriage and other practices should be eliminated through mass awareness and social welfare measures. It is the sole responsibility of the public, political leaders, NGO’s and the government agencies to give efforts for the eliminations of such evil practices.

Since the practice of child marriage deprived the girl child of their rights to educations, strict law should be formulated and properly implemented for the prohibition of child marriage. Adequate knowledge should be provided to the parents specially to the parents of socio economically backward and unprivileged classes about the negative impact of the child marriage on the life of women.

Appropriate steps should be taken by the NGO’s, political leaders, social workers and government agencies to create large awareness among people about the important women empowerment, women educating and their role in the socio-economical, cultural and political development in a society.

A practice of child labour is a threat to the girl child. Collective steps should be taken by the government, NGO’s, Political leaders, social workers for the removal of the evil practice. Economically poor and unprivileged classes should be identified with proper research and steps should be taken for the upliftment of their classes.

Women should be conscious about their rights and the constitutional measures for the development. They should have the will to participate in the all activities of the society.

Women’s rights should be protected through well designed law. Administration should give due importance on the cases that are concerned with the women’s rights issues.


Process of women empowerment is not one dimensional; it is a multi dimensional process. It depends as socio economic, cultural and political environment of a society. Mere efforts of the government cannot improve the conditions of the women. Only collective efforts of the NGO’s political leaders, social workers, civil society, government agencies and the self censoriousness of the women can make the process succeed in future.

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